Dr. Eric Kandel, author of In Search of Memory (W. W. Norton), is University Professor at Columbia University, Fred Kavli Professor and Director, Kavli Institute for Brain Sciences and a Senior Investigator at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. A graduate of Harvard College and N.Y.U. School of Medicine, Kandel trained in Neurobiology at the NIH and in Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. He joined the faculty of the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University in 1974 as the founding director of the Center for Neurobiology and Behavior. Born in Vienna in 1929, Kandel’s early childhood– including living a year under Nazi rule and experiencing the violence of Kristallnacht—fueled his lifelong interest in the mind and the complexities of human behavior. His family escaped to the U.S. in 1939. Eric Kandel’s research has been concerned with the molecular mechanisms of memory storage in aplysia and mice. Kandel has received fifteen honorary degrees, is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences as well as the National Science Academies of Germany and France. He has been recognized with the Albert Lasker Award, the Heineken Award of the Netherlands, the Gairdner Award of Canada, the Wolf Prize of Israel, the National Medal of Science USA and the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 2000. Dr. Kandel was interviewed by his former student Jonah Lehrer, a graduate of Columbia University with a degree in neuroscience. Lehrer received his Masters Degree in 20th century literature and philosophy from Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar. Hailed as “an important new thinker” by The Los Angeles Times, he is author of Proust Was a Neuroscientist and the instant bestseller, How We Decide, which deals with how we make decisions and how we can make better decisions.